A moderate sized to fairly large evergreen tree of
height 12-15 m, stout trunk and spreading branches,
compound and alternate leaves. Fruit is oval in shape
yellowish in color.
Flowers, leaves, bark, seeds and oil, root bark,
young fruit, gum.
Root bark and fruit are astringent, tonic and anti
Bark is bitter, tonic, astringent, anti periodic and
Fruit is emollient, purgative and antihelmentic
Oil is local stimulant, insecticide and antiseptic.
Leaves are antihelmentic
Flowers are stimulant, tonic and stomachic
Gum is stimulant and demulcent
Neem also possess anti spirochaetal and emmanogogue
Actions and uses in ayurveda
Jvara, aamsotha, vrana, kustha, prameha, netraroga,
krimiroga, visaroga, aruci, vranam, chardi.
Photochemical: The bark exudes a clean bright amber
colored gum which is collected in small trees or
fragments. It contains a bitter alkaloid named margosine
in long white needles. Leaves contain a small bitter
substance of same chemical character but much more
soluble in water. Seeds contain 10-30% of a yellow
bitter fixed oil which is extracted by boiling. The oil
is deep yellow in color and contains free and volatile
fatty acids. The volatile fatty acids contain stearic
and oleic acid with a small amount of lauric acid.
The sap contains glucose, sucrose, gums and coloring
matter, proteids and ashes, containing potassium, iron,
aluminium, caslcium and carbon dioxide.
Properties and action
Rasa: tikta, kashaya
Karma: vatala, pittanashak, grahi
Preparations: powder and decoction
Therapeutic classification index
Effect of neem as a contraceptive
Women: Vaginal cream and suppositories made with
neem oil from seeds are quickly becoming the birth
control method. When tested against human sperm neem
extract was able to kill human sperm in 5 minutes. Neem
has aproven ability to prevent pregnancy. It prevents
implantation and even has abortificant nature.
Men: Neem has become the first truly effective
birth control pill for men. Neem oil capsules if taken
for one month produce reversible male infertility
without affecting sperm production or libido.
Dose: Powder 1-3 gms
Capsule Neem beej contains pure and concentrated neem
Dosage: one capsule twice a day.
Package 60 capsules
- Prof P.V Sharma, Dravya Guna Vigyana, Vol II, pg
- Dr.KM Nadkarni, The Indian Materia Medica, Vol.I,
- The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India, Part I,
Vol.II, pg 124-125