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Terminalia bellirica

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Latin Names English Names Sanskrit Names Hindi Names

Terminalia bellirica
Roxb. (Combretaceae) /
Terminalia belerica

Belliric Myrobalan

Vibhitaki, Karshaphala, Kalidruma

Bahera

 

Terminalia BelliricaHistory
This tree, called Vibhitaki in Sanskrit, meaning fearless, was avoided by the Hindus of Northern India, who would not sit in its shade as it is supposed to be inhabited by demons. As long as the influence of Arabian medicine prevailed, it was used medicinally in Europe, having been introduced by the Arabs from India.

Habitat
Found throughout the greater parts of India.

Morphology Description (Habit)

It is a large deciduous tree. Leaves are alternate, broadly elliptic or elliptic-obovate, puberulous when young but glabrous on maturity and the nerves are prominent on both surfaces. Flowers are in axillary, spender spikes longer than the petioles but shorter than the leaves. Calyx lobes are pubescent outside. The fruits are green and inflated when young and yellowish and shrink (nearly seen as ribbed) when mature. The nut is stony.

Principal Constituents
- sitosterol, gallic acid, ellagic acid, ethyl gallate, galloyl glucose, chebulagic acid.

Indications
The fruit possesses antibacterial properties. It is employed in dropsy, piles and diarrhea. While using herbal eye drops containing T.bellirica, encouraging results have been obtained in cases of myopia, corneal opacity, pterigium, immature cataract, chronic and acute infective conditions. The fruit possesses myocardial depressive activity.

 
 
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